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Fir Tree School

Fir Tree School


Fir Tree Primary School Curriculum

At Fir Tree, our children have an inspirational start to their learning journey in the Foundation Stage. They have a safe and nurturing environment where they feel secure and have respect for the benefits, values and cultures of others. We prepare our children for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life. We therefore focus on developing essential communication, social, literacy and mathematics in a creative environment to prepare them for the challenges in the future.

At Fir Tree Primary School, we recognise the importance of a curriculum that engages and stimulates children and enables them to ‘GROW’. Pupils follow a curriculum based on the pupil’s experiences and interests in order to develop their engagement with learning. We know it is important to develop skills and knowledge across all foundation subjects. Topics and cross curricular opportunities are planned wherever possible or taught discretely through learning goals.

At Fir Tree our Grow Culture is at the centre of all our work. GROW stands for Goals, Resilience, Outstanding and Wonder. Planning is centred around goals and wonder is created through igniting curiosity.


For every year group each subject is broken down into key skills that must be taught and nurtured during the academic year. Key knowledge is identified within the topics that must be covered through planning and schemes of work.


Teachers are to plan their topics on an MTP(Medium Term Plan) proforma – the premise is planning opportunities where we are ‘determined’ to develop pupils skills and knowledge.


Teachers are to plan their outcomes on their MTP(Medium Term Plan) proforma – the premise is planning opportunities for outstanding outcomes that derives from the skills and knowledge acquired.


On the MTP(Medium Term Plan) proforma – teachers identify Wow and Wonder Moments where curiosity is nurtured and pupils’ have that memorable lifelong learning experiences- aiding their cultural capital

English, Mathematics, Science, Computing, Art, Design Technology, Geography, History, Music, Physical Education, Religious Education and Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE). Recognising the importance of both academic and personal development, we strive to enable every child to reach their full potential. In support of this, we want our pupils to develop: the ability to work independently and collaboratively; communication skills; resilience; self-confidence and a passion for learning that stimulates questioning and wonder that will continue through into their adult lives.

Our curriculum delivery is planned around a creative topic to inspire our pupils, but also maximise cross-curricular links whilst ensuring that there is a clear development in the learning of key skills and knowledge. Wherever possible teachers make links between different areas of the curriculum to support the children's understanding of each theme and allow time for them to be covered in greater depth. These topics are based around the elements of the National Curriculum that can be grouped and linked together, but where there are no links subjects are taught discretely. We share out topic webs for the term (our long term planning) with parents via the school website, and in either in paper form or via email.

Year group guides are also available on each class page to support and inform parents.



The art of storytelling is the first communication we experience on our journey through life. It has been the centre of human evolution and existence since the dawn of time. Our innate desire and ability to share this with others is central to our social development. This journey starts at birth and continues to develop throughout our lives. At Fir Tree, we pick up the torch ignited by a child’s loved ones and nurture the flame of enthusiasm. We build on the storytelling already experienced and foster the child’s desire to share and express knowledge.
Reading is not simply about decoding a series of words and phrases to find out information. It is ensuring that we inspire future generations to read for its own sake as well as for other purposes. To provide the pupils with a rich and varied diet of opportunities which will foster their appreciation and thirst for knowledge. At Fir Tree, reading is taught through guided group work and our English curriculum. We use banded books from a variety of schemes as well as quality texts and classic tales.
At Fir Tree, phonics and spelling are taught in all year groups: Nursery to Year 2 use Letters and Sounds; while Year 3 to 6 are systematically taught spelling patterns and rules as stipulated by the National Curriculum. This is reinforced by weekly spellings, which are set and tested in all year groups.  Where pupils are not meeting the expectation for their year group, targeted interventions are used to address gaps.
In an increasingly technological world, we believe that teaching our pupils to understand the power of writing is vital. We must equip pupils with the skills, which enable them to effectively participate. We ensure that this happens by selecting quality texts which both inspire and motivate; providing an engaging stimulus which promotes meaningful opportunities to develop high quality skills in an environment which sets clear expectations in order to support and challenge developing minds.
The skills of writing are taught through our daily literacy lessons across a wide range of genres. Many of the children’s writing opportunities are taught through carefully selected key texts which are aimed to inspire children’s writing and to develop their creativity skills.   In addition to this, regular opportunities are given for the children to apply these skills in other areas of the curriculum too. Punctuation and grammar are taught where possible through shared texts and topics as part of the daily literacy lessons, but on occasions are also taught discretely. We have introduced this year the opportunity for children to complete Mystery Box Writes, this can be anything from writing about an inspirational video clip, a strange and mysterious object or an interesting picture. This flexibility enables the children to tap into their preferred genre and style of writing and builds up their individuality and independence; whilst applying their learnt skills and understanding.  
Handwriting and presentation are a focus throughout the school. Children are taught cursively from Foundation and have regular handwriting activities throughout the week.


At Fir Tree Primary School, we offer a mastery approach curriculum which aims to develop a deep and secure understanding. Therefore, all lessons provide opportunities for the children to develop their fluency, reasoning, and problem-solving skills. This approach to maths ensures that ALL children master and secure their maths learning and knowledge before moving on. Our children are taught through whole-class interactive teaching, where the focus is on ALL pupils working together on the same lesson content at the same time, giving ALL children the same opportunities to achieve.  This ensures that all children can master concepts before moving to the next part of the curriculum sequence, allowing a long term deepening of understanding. Children are encouraged to use manipulatives (hands on materials) to explain their understanding throughout the school and are taught to draw and write about their thinking in a variety of ways.  
All children are challenged in lessons and are asked to reason in maths through use of STEM sentences to investigate and problem solve.  For those children who grasp a concept quickly, teachers offer ways for children to extend and deepen their understanding through tasks that ensure they fully understand a concept.  To support children who fail to grasp a concept or procedure, early intervention ensures that pupils are able to continue to move forward with the whole class.  This support can be small group intervention with a teacher or TA or 1:1 support if needed.  

Fir Tree School teaches times tables across Key Stage 1 and 2.  In KS2, TT Rockstars (an online, interactive programme) is used to motivate and challenge the children to quickly recall their tables facts (which includes knowing the corresponding division statements). Here at Fir Tree, we want children to enjoy maths; to see their learning as a journey; to ask questions and persevere.  We apply our GROW principles to the subject and ask children to aspire to do well, build resilience when tackling difficult concepts and to see the wonder in Maths that comes from immersing themselves in problems, sequences and patterns.  

Key Stage 1

In key stage 1, children continue to develop their mathematical knowledge and strategies. Developing number knowledge is hugely important, and pupils will focus on:

  • Counting, reading, and writing numbers to 100 in numerals and words.
  • Representing numbers in different ways.
  • Understanding the place value of numbers to 100.
  • Finding one more and one less.
  • Identifying odd and even numbers.
  • Comparing numbers using less than, greater than, and equal to symbols.

Children in key stage 1 will also learn about addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, and will learn a variety of strategies to help them find answers. They will focus on:

  • Adding and subtracting numbers using a wide range of strategies.
  • Learning number bonds to 20.
  • Understanding that addition can be done in any order and that there is a relationship between addition and subtraction facts.
  • Counting in 2, 5, 10, and 3, working toward learning these times tables.
  • Learning a range of strategies to solve multiplication and division.
  • Recognising, finding, and naming ½, ¼, and ¾ of shapes, objects, lengths, and quantities.

It is also important that children in key stage 1 continue to develop their understanding of shape, space, and measure. They will focus on:

  • Recognising and describing the properties of 2D and 3D shapes.
  • Using mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction, and movement, and describing, ordering, comparing, and measuring length, height, mass, and capacity.
  • Recognising coins and using them to make amounts.
  • Telling the time when it is o’clock, half past, quarter past, and quarter to.
  • Using data to draw tally charts, block graphs, tables, and pictograms.

Key Stage 2

In key stage 2, children continue to build upon their learning from key stage 1. Number continues to be of high importance in key stage 2, as children focus on:

  • Counting, reading, and writing numbers to 10,000,000 in numerals and words.
  • Representing numbers in different ways.
  • Understanding the place value of numbers to 10,000,000.
  • Finding more and less of numbers.
  • Comparing numbers using less than, greater than, and equal to symbols.
  • Comparing fractions, decimals, and percentages and using them in relation to number.
  • Solving problems involving finding ratios of numbers.
  • Developing their knowledge of algebra and using it to solve problems.

Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division continue to be a big focus in key stage 2. Children continue to learn a wide range of strategies to help them to find answers, using resources, pictorial representations, and by mentally calculating answers. They will focus on:

  • Adding and subtracting numbers using a wide range of strategies.
  • Learning a range of strategies to solve multiplication and division.
  • Counting in multiples and learning times tables up to 12.
  • Recognising, finding, and naming different fractions of shapes, objects, lengths, and
  • quantities.

Shape, space, and measure continue to be a big area of focus in key stage 2. The children will focus on:

  • Recognising and describing the properties of 2D and 3D shapes.
  • Finding the length, perimeter, area, and volume of different shapes.
  • Using reading, writing, and converting between standard units and measurements.
  • Using mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction, and movement.
  • Describing, ordering, comparing, and measuring mass and capacity.
  • Estimating, comparing, and calculating amounts using coins.
  • Telling the time confidently.
  • Using data to draw charts and graphs, and finding the mean, median, and mode of
  • numbers.

Children in key stage 2 also focus largely on investigations and problem solving.


This year we developed our Computing curriculum. In order to better cover the main five key aspects: Programming, e-safety, Multimedia, Handling data and Technology in our lives. These aspects are covered every term by every year group from Year 1 to Year 6, with Foundation Stage exploring elements of these throughout the academic year.
We use a service called Purple Mash which enables us to teach high-quality computing lessons to all ages. We are preparing our children for technology jobs that haven’t even been invented yet and a foundation knowledge of algorithms and computing processes are key to achieving that goal.
E-Safety is a priority in our school; it is taught regularly and we are consistently monitoring and reviewing our practice. Making sure our children are always aware of how to keep themselves safe online, technology is always going to be a part of our children’s lives and we have to prepare them for that. 
Information Communication Technology at Fir Tree is well resourced. Each classroom has networked computers which allow all pupils controlled access to the internet, as well as a wide range of curriculum enhancing programmes such as TTRockstars and our praise service Class Dojo on our own school network. The school also benefits from an ICT suite; an Ipad trolley and interactive boards in all classrooms.


Learning about the amazing world around us should be fun! Our high-quality Science education provides the foundations for understanding the world around us. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and our pupils are taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key knowledge and concepts, pupils recognise the power of explanation whilst developing a sense of excitement and curiosity about the amazing world around them and how it works. Our children are encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse what has happened through first hand evidence and communicating their findings in exciting ways. Throughout the school we encourage children to apply their Maths, English and ICT skills in their science work and to make links between their scientific ideas in their everyday life experiences.


Pupils are taught to develop their design and technology capabilities through a combination of designing and making. Design and Technology (D&T) is about challenges, the exploration of ideas and seeing projects develop from start to finish Using their creativity and imagination, pupils design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts, considering their own and others’ needs. They acquire a broad range of subject knowledge and draw on disciplines such as mathematics, science, engineering, computing and art. Pupils learn how to take risks, becoming resourceful, innovative, enterprising and capable citizens. Through the evaluation of past and present design and technology, they develop a critical understanding of its impact on daily life and the wider world. Food & Nutrition lessons are planned across the year with relevant links made to topic work 

Through our relationships with other trust schools our children benefit from high level technology resources in purpose built workshops and kitchens.


At Fir Tree, we believe that PE is a key part of the curriculum. Our approach to PE and Sport is one that aims to provide inclusion, challenge, and support to EVERY child. Throughout the academic year, our students study REAL PE; a holistic scheme of work dedicated to developing the whole child through Personal, Social, Cognitive, Creative, Health & Fitness, and Physical skills.  Our PE is delivered by our full time sports coach & co-ordinator. As well as learning REAL PE, our children are also taught how to link their PE skills to a wide range of sports. We do this by ensuring that all of our children receive at least 2 hours PE per week, as well as extracurricular clubs. Key Stage 2 children at Fir Tree receive 10 weeks of swimming during each academic year, and all children also frequently take part in our “Golden Mile” running challenge. 
We are members of the West Berkshire Sports Network (School Games Organiser), and Newbury District Primary Schools Football Association (NDPSFA). These organisations provide opportunity for our children to attend approximately 40-50 local competitions/events each academic year. There is an extensive range of sports and activities for our children to experience. These include Football, Athletics and Tag Rugby, to less conventional ones such as Boccia, Curling, Bowling and Archery. Our aim is to ensure that every child has represented the school in a sport before they finish KS2.


In art children have the opportunity to express themselves and discover and showcase their creativity and artistic talents.
Children learn to use a variety of different media including, paints, pastels charcoal, collage materials and clay. Children learn to use art tools and techniques. They look at the use of colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space using these media. These are recorded in their sketch books and displayed around the school.
In Spring Term an artist study takes place in each class. Children learn about the work and life of a particular artist. Children learn about specific art techniques that the artist used, evaluate the artists work and use the artist’s work to inspire their own. Throughout the school the children are encouraged to evaluate their own work; celebrating their successes and identifying what they could do better next time. They evaluate each other’s work too, which provides invaluable feedback from their peers.


At Fir Tree Primary School, history forms an integral part of the curriculum. We believe that it inspires children’s curiosity, encourages them to ask critical questions, and enables them to have a better understanding of the society in which they live and the wider world. Studying history gives children an introduction to the major events which have shaped Britain and provides them with a better understanding of historical global relations and how this has impacted present day events.

At Fir Tree Primary School, children learn history in various ways:

  • Using different sources — both primary and secondary — to understand the past and their relevance.
  • Holding ‘Share and learn history days’ which provide children with hands-on experiences and a link to what is being taught.
  • Visiting museums or historic houses.
  • Through reading fiction, non-fiction, and picture books
  • Looking at artefacts


At Fir Tree Primary, we believe that Geography is ‘everything’. Our curriculum inspired pupils curiosity and fascination about the world around us. The children are encouraged to explore and answer questions about the natural and human worlds, locally, nationally and across the world. Different societies and cultures are explored and are compared against our own country.  This helps children realise how we rely on each other on a global scale.  Children are encouraged to think about their place in the world, their values and their rights and responsibilities to other people and the environment and how this impacts upon the wider world. Geography involves lots of transferable skills, such as research, observation, measurement, recording and presentation. Because of this, it forms an important part of the curriculum, and is taught individually as well as being incorporated across other areas of the curriculum, such as English, Art,  History.


Music is an important part of life at Fir Tree School.  An online, interactive music programme “Charanga” is used to deliver lessons where the children listen to, appraise, rehearse and perform a range of musical pieces.  Berkshire Maestros supports the school and children have the opportunity, in some year groups, to learn a musical instrument.  In addition to this, all children take part in a weekly singing assembly where the children are taught a variety of songs including traditional Christian worship songs.  
Children across the school have the opportunity to take part in a choir and also take part in a yearly “World Beat” competition which celebrates music in different languages.  There are additional opportunities to take part in performances to the rest of the school and in the wider community during annual performances organised by Trinity and Berkshire Maestros. 


The religious education curriculum taught at Fir Tree Primary School follows an enquiry based scheme. RE explores big questions about life, to find out what people believe and what difference this makes to how they live, so that pupils can make sense of religion, reflecting on their own ideas and ways of living. We aim to develop the children’s understanding of the major world faiths and a greater understanding of the world in which we live. Each enquiry starts from the children’s own life experiences using these as a bridge into the investigation of the religion being studied focussing on a key question to explore over each unit by developing the pupils understanding through three different strands: believing, living and expressing.


Research has shown that schools with an effective homework policy are effective at raising standards. At Fir Tree, we always wish the best for our children. We expect all children to take their reading book and spellings home and share these with an adult. In addition, the KS2 children will have at least one piece of ‘formal homework’ to consolidate activities learnt during the week. This is given out on a Wednesday to be handed back in on a Monday. This will help to develop independent study skills and encourage children to extend their learning. Your help and encouragement is warmly welcomed.

PSHE (Personal, social, health and economic education) 

As children grow and develop, our PSHE curriculum is designed to enable children to thrive and talk about issues arising in their everyday lives e.g. drug awareness, relationships and life in Modern Britain. At Fir Tree Primary, we want our children to develop confidence and responsibility whilst developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people. We are proud to teach PSHE through the scheme Jigsaw. Jigsaw is a mindful and child-centred approach to PSHE. It is an original and comprehensive scheme of learning which integrates personal, social, health and economic education with emphasis on emotional literacy, mental health and SMSC. Jigsaw aims to help children know and value who they really are and how they relate to other people in this ever-changing world. Sex education will be taught throughout the year groups as part of the Jigsaw scheme. We have an active school council who represent the children across the school, enabling the children to develop a sense of democracy and British values. 

Modern Foreign Languages – French 

French is taught across KS2 in years 4, 5 and 6. There is a strong focus on listening and speaking with repetition of key words and phrases through speech, games, songs and other activities, as well as writing. Towards the end of KS2 most children will read and write simple phrases. Children are taught weekly by a specialist French teacher from the Trinity Secondary School, we believe this supports transition. 

Jigsaw SRE Content 

The grid below shows specific SRE learning intentions for each year group in the ‘Changing Me’ Puzzle.

Year Group Piece Number and Name Learning Intentions 'Pupils will be able too..'
1 Piece 4 - Boys’ and Girls’ Bodies Identify the parts of the body that make boys different to girls and use the correct names for these: penis, testicles, vagina respect my body and understand which parts are private.
2 Piece 4 - Boys’ and Girls’ Bodies

Recognise the physical differences between boys and girls, use the correct names for parts of the body (penis, testicles, vagina) and appreciate that some parts of my body are private.

Tell you what I like/don’t like about being a boy/girl

3 Piece 1 - How Babies Grow

Understand that in animals and humans lots of changes happen between conception and growing up, and that usually it is the female who has the baby.

Express how I feel when I see babies or baby animals

Piece 2 - Babies

Understand how babies grow and develop in the mother’s uterus and understand what a baby needs to live and grow.

Express how I might feel if I had a new baby in my family

Piece 3 - Outside Body Changes

Understand that boys’ and girls’ bodies need to change so that when they grow up their bodies can make babies.

Identify how boys’ and girls’ bodies change on the outside during this growing up process.

Recognise how I feel about these changes happening to me and know how to cope with those feelings.

Piece 4 - Inside Body Changes

Identify how boys’ and girls’ bodies change on the inside during the growing up process and why these changes are necessary so that their bodies can make babies when they grow up.

Recognise how I feel about these changes happening to me and how to cope with these feeling.

4 Piece 2 - Having A Baby

Correctly label the internal and external parts of male and female bodies that are necessary for making a baby.

Understand that having a baby is a personal choice and express how I feel about having children when I am an adult.

Piece 3 - Girls and Puberty

Describe how a girl’s body changes in order for her to be able to have babies when she is an adult, and that menstruation (having periods) is a natural part of this.

Know that I have strategies to help me cope with the physical and emotional changes I will experience during puberty

5 Piece 2 - Puberty for Girls

Explain how a girl’s body changes during puberty and understand the importance of looking after myself physically and emotionally.

Understand that puberty is a natural process that happens to everybody and that it will be OK for me

Piece 3 - Puberty for Boys and Girls

Describe how boys’ and girls’ bodies change during puberty.

Express how I feel about the changes that will happen to me during puberty.

Piece 4 - Conception

Understand that sexual intercourse can lead to conception and that is how babies are usually made.

Understand that sometimes people need IVF to help them have a baby.

Appreciate how amazing it is that human bodies can reproduce in these ways.

6 Piece 2 - Puberty

Explain how girls’ and boys’ bodies change during puberty and understand the importance of looking after myself physically and emotionally.

Express how I feel about the changes that will happen to me during puberty.

Piece 3 Girl - Talk/Boy Talk

Ask the questions I need answered about changes during puberty.

Reflect on how I feel about asking the questions and about the answers I receive.

Piece 4 Babies – Conception to Birth

Describe how a baby develops from conception through the nine months of pregnancy, and how it is born.

Recognise how I feel when I reflect on the development and birth of a baby.

Piece 5 - Attraction

Understand how being physically attracted to someone changes the nature of the relationship.

Express how I feel about the growing independence of becoming a teenager and am confident that I can cope with this.

Year 1 Curriculum Map

Year 2 Curriculum Map

Year 3 Curriculum Map

Year 4 Curriculum Map

Year 5 Curriculum Map 

Year 6 Curriculum Map

More Information

Parents/carers and members of the public can find out more about the curriculum at Fir Tree by contacting the school office on